Baltimore Album

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Pattern Names: Jackson Quilt
Period: 1850-1875
Date: ca. 1850
Location Made: Baltimore, Maryland (MD) USA
Project Name: Permanent Collection
Contributor: DAR Museum
ID Number: 87.68
Layout Format: Block pattern
Quilt Size: 95 inches x 97 3/4 inches
Fabrics: Cotton, Print, Solid/plain
Colors: Red, Green, White
Construction: Hand Piecing, Hand Applique, Dimensional applique, Embroidery, Ink drawing
Quilting Techniques: Hand quilting
Purpose or Function: Memorial
Other Notes: The quilt commemorates Andrew Jackson's victory in New Orleans in 1815. Using ink and cross stitch inscriptions in the center block read: "Andrew Jackson's Heart, Victory at N.O. January 8, 1815, The Blessings of Government, like the dews of Heaven, should be equally dispersed on the rich and poor A.J.W. Jackson" Passed down in the Diffenderfer family, the quilt was originally owned by Betsy and William Harper. Family information dated the quilt 1815 from the inscription and believed the quilt was made in Lynchburg,Virginia. Research has shown that William Harper was from Lynchburg, but Betsy was a Baltimore native and the couple was living in Baltimore when the quilt was made, after Andrew Jackson's death in 1845. Neither of the Harper's names appear on the quilt. A.I. [or J.] W. Jackson [no known blood relation to President Andrew Jackson] and William Heckrote [whose name appears on Block A3] were prominent citizens of mid 19th century Baltimore. Other names on the quilt help narrow its date of creation. Ann Carson [Block D3] married Lloyd Benson [Block A4] on May 20. 1847. Kezia Spencer, nee Switzer [Block D1] married her second husband William O'Neal on June 4, 1848. Since both women use their maiden names on their blocks the quilt predates their marriages. Betsy and William Harper married on Oct. 26, 1848. They had no surviving children and the quilt was given to nephew James Diffenderfer. The initials C.C. on blocks B4 are probably for Ann Carson's mother, Coralee. A.E.J. [Block B5} is possibly A.I.W Jackson's daughter, Amanda. All named were members of the Baltimore Methodist Church. Described in Dunton, "Old Quilts"
Inscription: A3 William Heckrote If not for fair woman's eye, this gift would useless be, No quilting needed but the sky, Nor shade of Eden's tree. A4 L.N. Benson B4 C.C. B5 A.E.J C3 Andrew Jackson Heart Victory At New Orleans January 8th 1815 The blessings of government, like the dews of heaven, should be equally dispersed on the rich and the poor A.J.W. Jackson D1 Kezia Spencer D3 A. Carson D4 M.J.C. D5 G.W.J. E4 Unreadable poem and D. Euler or Ehlers
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