Freedom Song


Quilt Index Record: 1E-3D-2981

Essay

essay
Artist Statement about work: This quilt was used for the Chrysler world of works program. Chrysler world let me travel to elementary and middle school once a wee for an hour to talk to the children about the art of quiltmaking, mostly during black history month.

There are 5 panels of text on the quilt (Left to Right):
Panel 1: Slavery Time Line
1501 African Slaves in the New World Spanish settlers bring slaves from Africa to Santo Domingo (now the capital of the Dominican Republic).
1522 Slave Revolt: the Caribbean Slaves rebel on the Caribbean island of Hispanola, which now compromises Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
1562 Britain joins Slave Trade John Hawkins, the first Briton to take part in the slave trade, makes a huge profit hauling human cargo from Africa to Hispanola.
1581 Slaves in Florida Spanish residents in St. Augustine, the first permanent settlement in Florida, import African slaves
1619 Slaves in Virginia Africans brought to Jamestown are the first slaves imported into Britain's new American colonies. Like indentured servants, they were probably freed after a period of service.
1622 Hereditary Slavery Virginia law decrees the children of black mothers "shall be bond or free according to the condition of the mother."
1705 Slaves as property describing slaves as real estate, Virginia lawmakers allow owners to bequeath their slaves. The same law allowed masters to "kill and destroy" runaways.
1712 Slave Revolt: New York Slaves in New York City kill whites during an uprising, later squelched by the militia. Nineteen rebels are executed.
1739 Slave Revolt: South Carolina Crying "Liberty!" some 75 slaves in South Carolina steal weapons and flee toward freedom in Florida (then under Spanish rule). Crushed by the South Carolina militia, the revolt results in the deaths of 40 blacks and 20 whites.
1775 American Revolution begins Battles at the Massachusetts towns of Lexington and Concord on April 19 spark the war for American independence from Britain
1775 Abolitionist society Anthony Benezet of Philadelphia founds the world's first abolition society. Benjamin Franklin becomes its president in 1787.
1776 Declaration of Independence The Continental Congress asserts "that these United Colonies are, and of right out to be Free and Independent State."
1783 American Revolution ends Britain and the infant United States sign the Peace of Paris treaty.
1784 Abolition effort congress narrowly defeats Thomas Jefferson's proposal to ban slavery in new territories after 1800
1790 First United States census nearly 700,000 slaves live and toil in a nation of 3.9 million people
1793 Fugitive Slave Act the United Sates outlaws any efforts to impede the capture of runaway slaves.
1794 Cotton Gin Eli Whitney patents his device for pulling seeds from cotton. The invention turns cotton into the cash crop of the American South - and creates a huge demand for slave trade
1808- United States bans slave trade importing African slaves is outlawed, but smuggling continues
1820- Missouri Compromise Missouri is admitted to the Union, as a slave state, Maine as a free state. Slavery is forbidden in any subsequent territories north of latitude 36'30'
1822 Slave Revolt: South Carolina freed slave Denmark Vesey attempts a rebellion in Charleston. Thirty-five participants in the ill-faced uprising are hanged.
1831 Slave Revolt: Virginia slave preacher Nat Turner leads a two-day uprising against whites, killing about 6. Militiamen crush the revolt then spend two months searching for Turner, who is eventually caught and hanged. Enraged Southerners impose harsher restrictions on their slaves.
1835 Censorship southern states expel abolitionists and forbid the mailing of antislavery propoganda
1846 -48 Mexican-American War defeated, Mexico yields an enormous amount of territory to the United States. Americans then wrestle with a controversial topic: Is slavery permitted in the new lands?
1847 Frederick Douglass's newspaper escaped slave Frederick Douglass begins publishing the North Star in Rochester, New York.
1849 Harriet Tubman escapes after fleeing slavery, Tubman returns south at least 15 times to help rescues several hundred others.
1850 Compromise of 1850 in exchange for California's entering the Union as a free state, northern congressmen accept a harsher Fugitive Slave Act
1852 Uncle Tom's Cabin published Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel about the horrors of slavery sells 300,000 copies within a year of publication
1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act Setting aside the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Congress allows these two new territories to choose whether to allow slavery. Violent clashes erupt.
1857 Dred Scott decision The United States Supreme Court decides, seven to two, that blacks can never be citizens and that Congress has no authority to outlaw slavery in any territory
1860 Abraham Lincoln of Illinois becomes the first Republican to win the United States presidency. 1860 Southern secession South Carolina secedes in December. More states follow the next year.
1861-65 United States Civil War four years of brutal conflict claim 623, 000 lives
1863 Emancipation Proclamation President Abraham Lincoln decrees that all slaves in rebel territory are free on January 1, 1863.
1865 Slavery abolished The 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution outlaws slavery

Panel 2: The United State Constitution 13 Amendment

Panel 3: The United States Constitution 14 Amendment

Panel 4: The United States Constitution 15 Amendment

Panel 5: The Emancipation Proclamation By the President of the United States of America

The quilt also includes African Americans who have fought for freedom: like Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass, and African American soldiers who have fought in the Civil War. There is also a photograph of Abraham Lincoln.

Project Information

InstNameF003
Michigan State University Museum
Quilts and Human Rights
Women of Color Quilters Network
InstProjNameF003a
Michigan State University Museum Collection: WCQN
InstInvContrNumF004
15.0149
InstInvContrNumF004a
2014:55.76

Page 1

QuiltTitleF009
Freedom Song
SubjQuiltF025
Slavery
interviewerF007e
Aleia Brown
DateDataF006b
3/2/2015
QuiltTopF054
Shipp, April Anue
QuiltedByF055
Shipp, April Anue
LocMadeF057a
Rochester Hills
ProvStateF057d
Michigan (MI)
ProvCountryF057f
United States
DateQuiltF023
1976-1999
DateFinishF023b
1999

Page 2-Quiltmaker Information

PresUseF062
Artwork/wall hanging
GenderF098
Female
NameGroupF120
Women of Color Quilters Network

Page 3-Physical Description

TypeObjF008
Finished quilt
OverallWidthF12a
58 1/2"
OverallLengthF012b
41 3/8"
ShapeEdgeF013
Straight
PredomColorsF014
Black
Red
White
OverCondF015
Excellent/like new
TypeInscripF019
Date
Message
Place
Single Inscription
ContInscripF020
"Freedom Song" 1999 April Anue Shipp Michigan
DateInscripF020a
1999
OtherMethodInscripF021a
Handwritten
LocInscripF022
on back
OtherLocInscripF022a
Bottom right
LayFormatF024
Pictorial

Page 4-Physical Description continued

NumBordersF033
1
BordDescF034
Red border- 1 1/8"
FiberTypesF035
Cotton
FabPrintF037
Print
ConstrucF038
Machine Piecing
ConstrucF038g
Photography/photo transfer
EmbMatF039
Cotton thread
FabFiberTypesF040
Cotton

Page 5-Binding and Quilting

MatUsedF044
Cotton
ConstrucBindF046
Front turned to back
WidthBindF047
half inch - one inch
BindWidthF047a
1/2"
MatUsedF048
Cotton
BattLoftF048a
Thin
QuiltTechF049
Hand quilting

Page 6-Design and Fabric Sources

TopSourceF064
Original to maker
ExhibitListF067a
Has been exhibited at local schools and churches.

Page 7-Owner Information

IdentPersonF006
Quilt collector
OwnershipF082
Public- Michigan State University Museum
OwnerNameF082a
Michigan State University Museum
OwnerCityF084
East Lansing
OwnerCountyF085
Ingham
OwnerZipF087
48824
OwnerStateF086
Michigan (MI)
ProvenanceF058a
From the Collection of Carolyn Mazloomi
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Data Verification

verify
yes
verifiedby
Beth Donaldson
dateverified
3
24
2017
CE

Image Information

function
Image - large display (550 or more pixels)
file_medium
image
file_format
jpeg
Contributing Institutions
MATRIX: Center for Humane Arts, Letters and Social Sciences Online at Michigan State University and Michigan State University Museum
Publisher
Quilt Index
Resource Type
StillImage
ImageConF075a
Quilt
ImageTypeF076
Color
SourceF077
Digital
photocredit079a1
Pearl Yee Wong
HolderF080a
Michigan State University Museum, all rights reserved

Detail Images


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Additional Records

No additional records