Tulip Quilt


Quilt Index Record: 48-7C-2F

a Essay Historical Background

description
The Tuley Park Quilt Club provided quilt designs for the 1934 Chicago Park District publication “Quilting” by Alice Beyers. The quilting clubs Chicago's South Park Commissioners established at Ogden and Tuley parks were the first and best-known of these clubs. Alice Beyers served as the Park District Director of Arts and Crafts. This Tulip Basket block (a Nancy Cabot/Chicago Tribune pattern) was one of several in Beyers' instructional booklet. At the beginning of her quilting career, Gasperik was greatly influenced by the quilters who gathered at the Tuley Park club house for regular meetings. When Gasperik discovered, in September 1935, The Quilt Club Corner and annual quilt shows sponsored by The Detroit News she sent Tulip Basket to the very first Detroit quilt show and contest she attended (October 18-20, 1935). Gasperik's Tulip Basket quilt can be seen on display in a Detroit News press photo of that quilt show. Gasperik competed in every Detroit News quilt show from October 1935 through the last one, which was held (May 24-26, 1940). The border design - an assemblage of 3 borders including a 1-inch red border, a 4-inch border of appliqué tulips, and a 1.5-inch dark green border - is not part of the original Nancy Cabot pattern.

Administrative Fields

InstNameF003
Gasperik Collection
InstProjNameF003a
Mary Gasperik Private Collection
InstInvContrNumF004
060

Information source fields

IdentPersonF006
Author/researcher
Blood relative of quiltmaker
SourceOtherF006a
Grand-daughter
IfOtherF007d
Grand-daughter Susan Salser began this research effort in 1991, after she and her two sisters divided up the quilts which belonged to their mother (Elsie Gasperik Krueger) who died in 1988. Her ongoing research has been fruitful and interesting.

Overall Quilt Description

TypeObjF008
Finished quilt
QuiltTitleF009
Tulip Quilt
OwnerNameF010
Red Tulips
AltNameF011
Tulip Basket
BrackmanF011a
42.58
OverallWidthF12a
60 inches
OverallLengthF012b
92.5 inches
ShapeEdgeF013
Straight
ShapeCornersF013b
Straight
PredomColorsF014
Green
Red
White
OverCondF015
Excellent/like new
TypeInscripF019
Initials
Message
ContInscripF020
"M. G. A-CENIURY-OF-PROGRRSS 1893-1933"
MethodInscripF021
Embroidery
LocInscripF022
on back
DateQuiltF023
1930-1949
FamDateF023c
1933-34
OtherExDateF023d
1933-34
OtherDateF023e
Merikay Waldvogel
DateInfoF023f
Estimated date is based on the likely date when she joined the Tuley Park Quilt Club and began quilting during or soon after the 1933 Century of Progress Exposition.

Quilt top description

LayFormatF024
Block pattern
SubjQuiltF025
Tulips in Baskets
NumBlockF026
9
SizeBlockF027
16 inches
ArrangeBlockF028
On point or rotated on 45 degrees
OtherSpaceF029a
Triangle blocks in plain white fill out the central field.
BlockStyleF030a
Same block throughout
NumBordersF033
Three
BordDescF034
Narrow solid green outer border; wider center border of applique tulips; narrower inner red border framing the central field.

Quilt top materials and construction

FiberTypesF035
Cotton
FabPrintF037
Print
Solid/plain
ConstrucF038
Hand Piecing
ConstrucF038b
Hand Applique

Quilt back materials and construction

FabFiberTypesF040
Cotton
ColorBackingF040b
Cream
DescBackF043
Solid/plain

Quilt binding

MatUsedF044
Cotton
ConstrucBindF046
Bias grain
WidthBindF047
less than a half inch

Quilt batting

MatUsedF048
Cotton

Quilting description

QuiltTechF049
Hand quilting
ThrColorF049b
white
KnotsF051b
no
DesignF052a
Single parallel lines
DesignF052b
Feathering
DesignF052c
Parallel lines
DesignF052d
Single parallel lines in background in each appliqued block. Side and top setting triangles contain parallel lines with single feather plumes in white background and double-feather plumes in lower corners. There are six pointed starts at the intersections of each block.

Quilt notes and observations

FeaturesF053
Single feather plume quilting motifs are used in the white background areas. Double feather plumes are in the bottom corners.

Quiltmaker identification

QuiltTopF054
Gasperik, Mary
QuiltedByF055
Gasperik, Mary

Quilt provenance

LocMadeF057a
Chicago
ProvCountyF057b
Cook County
ProvStateF057d
Illinois (IL)
ProvCountryF057f
United States
AcquiredF058
Gift
ProvenanceF058a
When Karen was about 12 years of age and participating in one of the occasional family quilt viewings (Mary would ‘unpeel’ a bed as they all stood around commenting), she said, “Grandma, this is the best of all,” referring to the “Red Tulip” quilt. Mary immediately gave it to her.

Quilt purposes uses

ReasonsF060
Personal enjoyment
QDesignF060b
Unknown
PresUseF062
Keepsake/memento
OthPresUseF062a
Mary's grandchildren regard her quilts as a unique collection to be preserved and appreciated.

Quilt design and materials sources

SourceMatF063
Purchased new
TopSourceF064
Commercial/Published source: Book
OthTopSourceF064a
Nancy Cabot's Second Book of Quilts, publ. The Chicago Tribune, undated.
CommSourceF064b
Tulip Basket block design -y "Quilting" b Alice Beyers. Nancy Cabot pattern also called Tulip Basket.
PattSourceF065
Unknown
AddNotesF066
This quilt was likely made at the Tuley Park Quilt Club using the Alice Beyer Quilting manual published by the Chicago Park District. Neither the Beyer manual, nor the published versions of the Nancy Cabot 'Tulip Basket' pattern offer border suggestions. It is not known how Gasperik came up with her elaborate border design for this quilt.

Exhibition history of quilt

ExhibitListF067a
Detroit News Quilt Show and Contest, October 18-20, 1935. Detroit, Michigan. "The Quilts of Mary Gasperik" Ravenswood Historic Site, Livermore, CA, March 14-15, 1992. National Quilt Museum in Paducah, Kentucky exhibit "New Quilts from an Old Favorite 2012: Baskets & Antique Basket Quilts" April 6 - July 10, 2012.

Contests entered

ContestListF071a
Detroit News Quilt Show and Contest, October 18,20, 1935. A Detroit News press photograph (private collection, Susan Salser) shows this quilt on display.

Quilt ownership and contact info

OwnershipF082
Private
OwnerNameF082a
Karen Krueger Finn
OwnerCountryF086b
United States
SourceInfoF088b
Susan Krueger Salser

Other source materials available for this quilt

RelItemsF088a
Mary Gasperik's own copy of "Nancy Cabot's Second Book of Quilts" (The Chicago Tribune, undated), private collection of Gasperik heirs. On this booklet's back cover Gasperik penciled some numbers (perhaps pattern numbers?) which are unrelated to the booklet's contents. Alice Beyers "Quilting" (Chicago Park District, 1934). http://www.archive.org/details/chicagoparkdistr00chic, from 1936 publication, accessed 2/10/2013, pp. 13-14: "Groups are working in practically every recreation center in the Chicago Park District, in all forms of handwork projects in the artcrafts and crafts. The individual is given free scope in all these activities and the classes have little of the academic about them. Rather, they are clubs of neighbors with mutual interests meeting together to pursue a hobby. Skilled leaders work along with each group. While in some instances a nominal fee is charged for materials, admission to groups is free to everyone. Quilting. This old-fashioned but exceedingly useful home-craft has been highly developed in the parks. It combines art with the friendly, social features of the old time quilting bee. Groups include young as well as elderly women. Original designs are encouraged, and some exquisite quilts are produced. The Quilting Clubs at Tuley and Ogden Parks on the South Side are particularly well known." http:www.archive.org/stream/playground21playrich/playground21playrich_djvu.txt, accessed Feb. 10, 2013 has a copy of the May 1927 Playground article entitled "Quilting in Chicago" by Anna C. Artkamper, then President of the Ogden Park Quilting Club, Chicago. This article establishes that the quilting club in Ogden Park was the first such club created and that it began in January 1925. "In January, 1925, there appeared an article in the Southtown Community paper inviting women interested in quilting to register with the Director of Ogden Park, one of the parks maintained by the Chicago South Park Commission. That was the beginning of it all, and a very enthusiastic group of women organized a club which is the first of of its kind in any Chicago community center. The club, which has officers, meets one day each week from ten until four. Members bring their lunch, and coffee is served at noon. At this time the business meeting is held and members exchange ideas on the subject of quilts. Mothers with children under school age are allowed to bring them. They, too, are enthusiastic over club day, for the park and the toys and games which are supplied offer many joys. We have the use of a well-ventilated sunshiny hall at the field house with French windows completely covering three sides, and a floor space which will accommodate four quilt frames at one time an ideal place for club use. The plan we follow in making the quilts is this. Each member makes her own quilt top and in turn, according to attendance, the quilt is put on a frame and all help in quilting. At the end of the day, the end pieces of the frame are taken off, the quilt is rolled up, safely wrapped in a rope sling and drawn up by pullies to the beam ceiling, where it is safely tucked out of harm's way until the next week. Some of our members have made original patterns. Ideas are gathered from Marseilles bed spreads, rugs, wall paper, tapestry and other sources. We also use somer of the patterns that are on the market with the usual squares, diamonds, scrolls and other stock designs, but after the additions and changes the finished quilt is usually quite original. It is surprising how many things about one's home are suggestive for patterns. While quilting is our hobby, husbands an d children are not forgotten! Occasionally, we have dancing parties and buffet luncheons, with picnics in the summer for the children. The ages of our members range from twenty-five to seventy years. Two-thirds of us have bobbed hair, so we do not consider ourselves old-fashioned even though we are engaged in reviving the old art. On this one day of the week each member forgets household cares. While quilting, we sing songs, old and new, and discuss topics of the day. The club is immensely popular. We have had many requests for membership, but we have found it necessary to limit the number to forty, believing it is advisable to have small groups and to increase the number of them. Progressive women of the present day are realizing more than ever the importance of using their spare time in producing useful and beautiful things for the home. A day each week, spent in the company of women with mutual interests, gives a home-loving woman enjoyment and is profitable as well." "Bright and Gay Tulips Nod from Interesting Quilt" Tulip Basket By Nancy Cabot, undated clipping from The Chicago Tribune. Collection of Susan Salser. A family photograph shows this quilt (along with others) airing on a clothesline in the back yard of 5317 University Ave., Chicago, the Krueger home. Color photograph of this quilt featured in “One American Dream Comes True” by Merikay Waldvogel, Quilters Newsletter, March 2008, p.46. Press photograph from The Detroit News, private collection, Susan Salser. On the back of this photograph (which was not published) is written "Detroit News Quilt Show at Naval Armory, 1935". It is stamped Oct 22, 1935. Gasperik Tulip Basket quilt can be seen on display at the end of an aisle.

Quiltmaker personal information

MaidenF097b
Mihalovits, Maria
GenderF098
Female
BirthDateF099
01/25/1888
MarriageF099b
11/18/1906
DeathF100
05/25/1969
EthnicF101
Hungarian
EdBkgdF102
Elementary School
BirthplaceCountryF098d
Hungary
EnviroF104c
Rural

Quiltmaker address

StAddressF105
9314 Cottage Grove
CountyF106
Cook
CityF106a
Chicago
StateF107
Illinois (IL)
CountryF108
United States

Quiltmaker Family history

FatherNameF109
Mihalovits, Istvan
BplaceF109a
Hungary
EthBkgrndF110
Hungarian
MotherNameF111
Mihalovits, Vidoszava
BplaceF111a
Hungary
EthBkgrndF112
Hungarian
SpouseF113
Gasperik, Stephen
EthBkgrndF114
Hungarian
OccupationF115
Milk Dealer/Grocery Store Owner/Butcher
NoChildF116
3
NoFemF116a
1 (Elsie 1909-1988)
NoMaleF116b
2 (Elmer and Stephen)

Quiltmaker personal quilting history

LearnedToQuiltF117
From guild or club member
Self-Taught
WhenQuiltF118
Age 40-49
WhyQuiltF119
Pleasure
Other
OtherF119a
In making this quilt Gasperik created her own border design to surround a Nancy Cabot tulip basket block pattern she got from her newspaper. She is not trying to duplicate something, she is actively redesigning it. Mary Gasperik made quilts because it was her life passion and greatest talent. As opportunities arose, she entered contests and exhibited them publicly. She also made special quilts for her family.

Quiltmakers Membership in quilting group

NameGroupF120
Tuley Park Quilt Club
LocGroupF121
Chicago, IL
SpecialGroupF122
Group showings of quilts and quilting demonstrations.

Other quilts made by quiltmaker

NumQuiltsF123
more than 50
SellQuiltF127
no
TeachF129
no

Other source materials available for quiltmaker

OtherSourceMat
Merikay Waldvogel and Barbara Brackman. Patchwork Souvenirs of the 1933 Chicago World's Fair (Nashville, TN: Rutledge Hill Press, 1993) 102-103. Merikay Waldvogel "One American Dream Comes True" Quilters Newsletter Magazine, March 2008, 46-49.

Image Information

ImageConF075a
whole quilt
ImageTypeF076
Color
SourceF077
CD-ROM
DateF079
3
1
1992
CE
photocredit079a1
Don Gonzalez
DigDateF079a
10
2007
CE
AccessF080
Restricted
HolderF080a
Susan Salser

File Information

function
Image - medium display (250-550 pixels)
file_medium
image
file_format
jpeg
Contributing Institutions
MATRIX: Center for Humane Arts, Letters and Social Sciences Online at Michigan State University, Michigan State University Museum, Alliance For American Quilts
Publisher
Quilt Index
Resource Type
StillImage

data verification

verify
yes
verifiedby
Salser,Susan
dateverified
2
11
2013
CE

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