Indiana Wreath - detail


Quilt Index Record: 48-7C-84

a Essay Historical Background

description
The interesting thing about the four Indiana Wreath quilts is that they show more experimentation with quiltING design than experimentation with applique pattern. It is the selection of fabrics, and the quiltING patterns which distinguish these four quilts which look, at first glance, to be the 'same' quilt. Although the range of experimentation is narrow here, Mary did not duplicate her Indiana Wreath quilts. The most significant of the motifs Gasperik quilted into her versions of 'Indiana Wreath' are the grape cluster and the elaborate corner feather design which she borrowed from Rose Kretsinger's quiltING designs presented in Plates IV and V of the famous 1935 quilt book: Romance of the Patchwork Quilt in America. With her re-creations of the famous 'Indiana Wreath', Gasperik was saluting Marie D. Webster and Rose G. Kretsinger, two major quilt figures of her time.

Administrative Fields

InstNameF003
Gasperik Collection
InstProjNameF003a
Mary Gasperik Private Collection
InstInvContrNumF004
043a

Information source fields

IdentPersonF006
Author/researcher
Blood relative of quiltmaker
Quilt owner
SourceOtherF006a
Grand-daughter
RelnQuiltF007
Quilt owner
IfQownerF007b
Received as a gift
IfOtherF007d
Grand-daughter Susan Salser began this research effort in 1991, after she and her two sisters divided up the quilts which belonged to their mother (Elsie Gasperik Krueger) who died in 1988. Her ongoing research has been fruitful and interesting.

Overall Quilt Description

TypeObjF008
Finished quilt
QuiltTitleF009
Indiana Wreath - detail
OwnerNameF010
Indiana Wreath (Susan)
BrackmanF011a
80.22, 80.23
OverallWidthF12a
80 inches
OverallLengthF012b
102 inches
ShapeEdgeF013
Straight
ShapeCornersF013b
Straight
PredomColorsF014
Blue or Navy
Green
Red
White
OverallColorF14b
Bright or primary colors
OverCondF015
Fair/worn
DamageF016
Disintegration of fabric
Fading
DateQuiltF023
1930-1949
DateBegunF023a
Unknown
DateFinishF023b
Unknown
OtherExDateF023d
1943-1955
OtherDateF023e
Susan Salser
DateInfoF023f
Earliest estimated date is based on the fact that Woman’s Day Magazine pictured and offered in its May 1943 issue a quiltING pattern (called “Coat of Arms”, it is clearly based on Rose Krestinger’s feather corner pattern published as Plate IV in Romance of the Patchwork Quilt) which closely matches the motif Gasperik quilted into this quilt.

Quilt top description

LayFormatF024
Medallion or framed center
NumBordersF033
One
BordDescF034
Outer edges on all four sides have an applique floral and leaf vine that frame the quilt.

Quilt top materials and construction

FiberTypesF035
Cotton
FabPrintF037
Print
Solid/plain
ConstrucF038b
Hand Applique
ConstrucF038g
Embroidery
UniqueF038h
extra batting under appliqued grapes
PaperF038i
no
UniqueF039a
embroidered wheat in vase and in birds' beaks, below vase

Quilt back materials and construction

FabFiberTypesF040
Cotton
ColorBackingF040b
Yellow
NumPiecesF042
3
WidthPiecesF042a
11", 35", 34"
DescBackF043
Solid/plain

Quilt binding

MatUsedF044
Cotton
FabStrucF045
Plain weave
ConstrucBindF046
Bias grain
WidthBindF047
less than a half inch

Quilt batting

BattLoftF048a
Thin (Less than 3/16

Quilting description

QuiltTechF049
Hand quilting
ThrColorF049b
white
NumStitchedF050
10
NumStitchF051
11
KnotsF051b
no
DesignF052a
Grid diamond
In-the-ditch
Single parallel lines
DesignF052b
Floral
Wreaths
DesignF052c
Grid/crosshatch
Parallel lines
DesignF052d
Quilted band of flowers around perimeter, double-feathered circular wreaths, large and elaborate cornucopias spilling fruit and flowers, grape clusters, large feather medallions, cross-hatch filled feathered hearts.

Quilt notes and observations

FeaturesF053
The four Gasperik Indiana Wreath quilts can be divided into two sets of two. Each pair uses the same set of fabrics. Quilts #011 and #043 use a set of polka dots prints of different colors. These two quilts also have wheat stalks embroidered under the vase. This quilt's wreath looks more open than that of its fabric twin, #011, because the purple print fabric of the wreath's innermost flowers has faded to near-white. Now faded and worn, this was originally the most elaborately quilted of the 4 Gasperik Indiana Wreaths.

Quiltmaker identification

QuiltTopF054
Gasperik, Mary
QuiltedByF055
Gasperik, Mary

Quilt provenance

LocMadeF057a
Chicago
ProvCountyF057b
Cook County
ProvStateF057d
Illinois (IL)
ProvCountryF057f
United States
AcquiredF058
Gift
ProvenanceF058a
Brought to Susan by Elsie, as a gift from her grandmother, when Susan moved to California in 1968.

Quilt purposes uses

ReasonsF060
Art or personal expression
OtherF060a
Mary Gasperik made at least 4 Indiana Wreath quilts. It would seem that she picked this complicated and famous patterns precisely to demonstrate what a master quilter she was.
QDesignF060b
Bedding, special occasion
OtherQDesignF061a
Susan used it as a wall hanging for several years. That (and washing it) is how it came to be so faded and the dotted black print of the grapes actually partially disintegrated .
PresUseF062
Keepsake/memento
OthPresUseF062a
Mary's grandchildren regard her quilts as a unique collection to be preserved and appreciated.

Quilt design and materials sources

SourceMatF063
Purchased new
TopSourceF064
Commercial/Published source: Pattern
OthTopSourceF064a
Inspiration for the Indiana Wreath quilt made famous by Marie Webster who used a 19th century quilt in this pattern as the frontispiece of her quilt book. McCalls produced a commercial pattern. Other designers including Rose Kretsinger made their own.
CommSourceF064b
Probably McCall's #524 "Indiana Wreath" published circa 1935. The pattern for the three hovering blue birds may be borrowed from a quiltING pattern offered in a Nancy Page Quilting Club Column in the newspaper.
PattSourceF065
Published material
OthPattSourceF065a
Rose Kretsinger's grape cluster quiltING design as shown in Romance of the Patchwork Quilt (1935). Woman’s Day May 1943 (p42) quiltINg pattern called “Coat of Arms’ was probably Gasperik’s exact source for the feather medallion design quilted twice into the corners above the wreath.
CommSourceF065b
Floral border is C7 from Grandmother's Perforated Quilting Patterns (1934) also offered as No. 47 & 48 in Needleart Guild's Original Master Quilting Patterns; double feather wreath is pattern A in Grandmother Clark Book No. 22 (St. Louis, MO 1932).
AddNotesF066
The design source of the Indiana Wreath quilt pattern #524 offered by McCall's Needlework on pages 26-27 of its Winter 1937-38 issue was probably Cecilia Knapp of Monroe, Michigan, who's quilt business is highlighted on these pages. Among the few surviving Mary Gasperik quilt-related materials is a business card from Cecilia Knapp. Gasperik and Knapp probably met at a Detroit News Quilt Show. Both were active members of The Detroit News Quilt Club Corner. Gasperik might have gotten an Indiana Wreath pattern directly from Mrs. Knapp.

Exhibition history of quilt

ExhibitListF067a
This quilt was not displayed at the March 1992 'Quilts of Mary Gasperik' quilt show at Ravenswood, in Livermore California.

Contests entered

ContestListF071a
Illinois State Fair, unknown year

Quilt ownership and contact info

OwnershipF082
Private
OwnerNameF082a
Susan Krueger Salser
OwnerCountryF086b
United States
SourceInfoF088b
Susan Krueger Salser

Other source materials available for this quilt

RelItemsF088a
Quilts: Their Story and How to Make Them, Marie D. Webster, Doubleday, Doran & Company Inc., 1928, frontispiece is a hand-tinted photograph of the 1858 quilt made by Elizabeth J. Hart. Also see text about 'Indiana Wreath' on pages 84-86. Pp 26-27 Winter 1937-38 McCall Needlework magazine with Indiana Wreath pattern featured. Susan Salser private collection. Photocopy of a page from a 1938 McCall countertop catalog includes the listing pattern No. 524, Indiana Wreath. Business card which belonged to Mary Gasperik, reading "Cecilia Knapp, Quilts and Patchwares by The Woman Who Makes Them, 712 S. Monroe St., Monroe, Mich. PATTERNS AND STAMPINGS". Mary Gasperik archive, care of Karen Finn. Coat of Arms quilting pattern pictured in Woman's Day Magazine, May, 1943, p. 42. Susan Salser private collection. This pattern more closely resembles the motif Gasperik quilted than does the (similar) pattern presented as Plate IV p 275 in Romance of the Patchwork Quilt by Carrie Hall and Rose Kretsinger.

Quiltmaker personal information

MaidenF097b
Mihalovits, Maria
GenderF098
Female
BirthDateF099
01/25/1888
MarriageF099b
11/18/1906
DeathF100
05/25/1969
EthnicF101
Hungarian
EdBkgdF102
Elementary School
BirthplaceCountryF098d
Hungary
EnviroF104c
Rural

Quiltmaker address

StAddressF105
9314 Cottage Grove
CountyF106
Cook
CityF106a
Chicago
StateF107
Illinois (IL)
CountryF108
United States

Quiltmaker Family history

FatherNameF109
Mihalovits, Istvan
BplaceF109a
Hungary
EthBkgrndF110
Hungarian
MotherNameF111
Mihalovits, Vidoszava
BplaceF111a
Hungary
EthBkgrndF112
Hungarian
SpouseF113
Gasperik, Stephen
EthBkgrndF114
Hungarian
OccupationF115
Milk Dealer/Grocery Store Owner/Butcher
NoChildF116
3
NoFemF116a
1 (Elsie 1909-1988)
NoMaleF116b
2 (Elmer and Stephen)

Quiltmaker personal quilting history

LearnedToQuiltF117
From guild or club member
Self-Taught
WhenQuiltF118
Age 40-49
WhyQuiltF119
Pleasure
Other
OtherF119a
Mary Gasperik made quilts because it was her life passion and greatest talent. As opportunities arose, she entered contests and exhibited them publicly. She also made special quilts for her family.

Quiltmakers Membership in quilting group

NameGroupF120
Tuley Park Quilt Club and Detroit News Quilt Club
LocGroupF121
Southside Chicago and Detroit MI
SpecialGroupF122
Chicago group met to quilt and held periodic quilt shows; Detroit group held national exhibits and contests.

Other quilts made by quiltmaker

NumQuiltsF123
more than 50
SellQuiltF127
no
TeachF129
no

Other source materials available for quiltmaker

OtherSourceMat
Merikay Waldvogel and Barbara Brackman. Patchwork Souvenirs of the 1933 Chicago World's Fair (Nashville, TN: Rutledge Hill Press, 1993)102-103. Merikay Waldvogel "One American Dream Comes True" Quilters Newsletter Magazine, March 2008, 46-49.

Image Information

InvenNumF075
043a
ImageConF075a
close-up
ImageTypeF076
Color
SourceF077
CD-ROM
DateF079
3
1
1992
CE
photocredit079a1
Don Gonzalez
DigDateF079a
1
2008
CE
AccessF080
Restricted
HolderF080a
Susan Salser

File Information

function
Image - medium display (250-550 pixels)
file_medium
image
file_format
jpeg
Contributing Institutions
MATRIX: Center for Humane Arts, Letters and Social Sciences Online at Michigan State University, Michigan State University Museum, Alliance For American Quilts
Publisher
Quilt Index
Resource Type
StillImage

data verification

verify
yes
verifiedby
Salser, Susan
dateverified
2
1
2011
CE

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