Four Little Pigs - detail


Quilt Index Record: 48-7C-97

a Essay Historical Background

description
This early quilt project was displayed at the October 1936 Tuley Park Quilt show. It was probably one of four quilts she sent to the 1937 Detroit News Quilt Show. According to a Detroit News quilt column about the 1938 show, Gasperik submitted 4 quilts and won 4 Honorable Mention ribbons at the previous year's show.
essay
Information on a typed 1937 exhibit tag records that her daughter Elsie designed the quilt and she (Mary) quilted it for her grand-daughter. Susan Salser writes, "The addition of the fourth pig--a girl pig--was almost certainly dictated or contributed by Elsie to acknowledge or celebrate the possibility that this first grandchild might be a girl. Karen was born in December 1936. The finished quilt was exhibited at Tuley Park the previous October”.

Administrative Fields

InstNameF003
Gasperik Collection
InstProjNameF003a
Mary Gasperik Private Collection
InstInvContrNumF004
057a

Information source fields

IdentPersonF006
Author/researcher
Blood relative of quiltmaker
SourceOtherF006a
Grand-daughter
IfOtherF007d
Grand-daughter Susan Salser began this research effort in 1991, after she and her two sisters divided up the quilts which belonged to their mother (Elsie Gasperik Krueger) who died in 1988. Her ongoing research has been fruitful and interesting.

Overall Quilt Description

TypeObjF008
Finished quilt
QuiltTitleF009
Four Little Pigs - detail
OwnerNameF010
Four Pigs
OverallWidthF12a
38 inches
OverallLengthF012b
42 inches
ShapeEdgeF013
Straight
ShapeCornersF013b
Straight
PredomColorsF014
White
Pink
Green
Gold
Blue or Navy
OverallColorF14b
Bright or primary colors
OverCondF015
Fair/worn
DateQuiltF023
1930-1949
FamDateF023c
1936
OtherExDateF023d
1936
OtherDateF023e
Merikay Waldvogel
DateInfoF023f
Estimated date is based on a Chicago Park District photo (dated Oct 10, 1936) of a Tuley Park Quilt Club quilt exhibition.

Quilt top description

LayFormatF024
Medallion or framed center
SubjQuiltF025
A fourth (girl) pig is added to the traditional Three (boy) Little Pigs
BordDescF034
Wide quilted gold border with inside scalloping and outside straight edge, very much like the border frame of 'The Farm' quilts (#029 and 059), made from a Paragon kit.

Quilt top materials and construction

FiberTypesF035
Cotton
FabPrintF037
Solid/plain
ConstrucF038b
Hand Applique
ConstrucF038g
Embroidery
UniqueF039a
The very idea of Four rather than Three little pigs IS an 'embellishment'

Quilt back materials and construction

FabFiberTypesF040
Cotton

Quilt binding

MatUsedF044
Cotton
WidthBindF047
less than a half inch

Quilt batting

MatUsedF048
Cotton
BattLoftF048a
Thin (Less than 3/16")

Quilting description

QuiltTechF049
Hand quilting
ThrColorF049b
White
KnotsF051b
no
DesignF052a
Patches outlined/in the ditch
Grid diamond
DesignF052b
Other
Feathering
DesignF052c
Grid/crosshatch
DesignF052d
Feathered hearts quilted in four corners of center panel. A split undulating feather pattern forms a quilted border along the edge where the gold border meets the white ground.

Quiltmaker identification

QuiltTopF054
Gasperik, Mary
QuiltedByF055
Gasperik, Mary

Quilt provenance

LocMadeF057a
Chicago
ProvCountyF057b
Cook County
ProvStateF057d
Illinois (IL)
ProvCountryF057f
United States
AcquiredF058
Gift
ProvenanceF058a
This quilt was given to Karen by Elsie because Gasperik made it FOR her first grand-child and Elsie helped design it.

Quilt purposes uses

ReasonsF060
Baby or crib
QDesignF060b
Bedding, special occasion
PresUseF062
Keepsake/memento
OthPresUseF062a
Mary's grandchildren regard her quilts as a unique collection to be preserved and appreciated.

Quilt design and materials sources

SourceMatF063
Purchased new
TopSourceF064
Unknown
PattSourceF065
Commercial pattern
CommSourceF065b
Feathered heart (#37 on page 4) and feather border design (#34 on page 8) from "Original Master Quilting Patterns" published by Needleart Guild (Grand Rapids, MI, undated)
AddNotesF066
The source of the dressed pigs is uncertain. Ruby McKim and Aunt Martha had popular patterns for 'Three Little Pigs' quilts. A typed tag once sewn on the Gasperik quilt (for the Detroit Quilt Show) says it was "designed by her daughter .. and quilted by Mary Gasperik" It is possible the source of these particular pigs was a children's book illustration traced by Elsie. It is interesting that the attire of the three (boy) pigs in McKim, Aunt Martha and Gasperik is somewhat similar, as if there was a Little Pigs dress code, a tradition preceding McKim, Aunt Martha AND Gasperik.

Exhibition history of quilt

ExhibitListF067a
Tuley Park Quilt Club Show, Tuley Park, Chicago, Illinois, October 1936. Detroit Quilt Show, likely 1937. "The Quilts of Mary Gasperik" Ravenswood Historic Site, Livermore, CA, March 14-15, 1992.

Contests entered

ContestListF071a
Probably was one of the four Gasperik quilts (which won Honorable Mention ribbons) sent to the 1937 Detroit Quilt Show

Quilt ownership and contact info

OwnershipF082
Private
OwnerNameF082a
Karen Krueger Finn
OwnerCountryF086b
United States
SourceInfoF088b
Susan Krueger Salser

Other source materials available for this quilt

RelItemsF088a
In a family Chicago Park District photograph dated 10-30-36, taken at a Tuley Park quilt show 4 Gasperik quilts can be spotted: the 1935 Double Feather Star (#045), Four Little Pigs (#057), Laurel Wreath (#067) and Wedding Bouquet (#074). An early 1937 b&w family photo shows baby Karen Krueger propped against the back of this quilt, which is drying in front of a radiator. Typed exhibit tag reading "'The Four Little Pigs' Designed by her daughter, for her granddaughter and quilted by: - Mary Gasperik 9314 Cottage Grove Av., Chicago, Ill." (in family private collection). Color photograph of this quilt featured in “One American Dream Comes True” by Merikay Waldvogel, Quilters Newsletter, March 2008, p.48. In an e-mail to Susan Salser (January 11, 2009) Elmer and Doris Gasperik’s daughter Kathy Jacob described to Susan her parents’ support of Mary Gasperik’s quilting and the appreciation for the quilts which they instilled in her. She wrote: “I know that my Mother took great care of our quilts. Dedicated to them as if her own mother had made them. It is from my mother that I learned to lovingly care for the quilts and appreciate the work that grandma had done. And I was told that my father made her the very quilting frame that she used to create these wonderful quilts. I was also told he would buy her batting and once a children’s book for the pictures perhaps for reference.” A children’s book illustration is possibly the genesis of this Gasperik quilt design.

Quiltmaker personal information

MaidenF097b
Mihalovits, Maria
GenderF098
Female
BirthDateF099
01/25/1888
MarriageF099b
11/18/1906
DeathF100
05/25/1969
EthnicF101
Hungarian
EdBkgdF102
Elementary School
BirthplaceCountryF098d
Hungary
EnviroF104c
Rural

Quiltmaker address

StAddressF105
9314 Cottage Grove
CountyF106
Cook
CityF106a
Chicago
StateF107
Illinois (IL)
CountryF108
United States

Quiltmaker Family history

FatherNameF109
Mihalovits, Istvan
BplaceF109a
Hungary
EthBkgrndF110
Hungarian
MotherNameF111
Mihalovits, Vidoszava
BplaceF111a
Hungary
EthBkgrndF112
Hungarian
SpouseF113
Gasperik, Stephen
EthBkgrndF114
Hungarian
OccupationF115
Milk Dealer/Grocery Store Owner/Butcher
NoChildF116
3
NoFemF116a
1 (Elsie 1909-1988)
NoMaleF116b
2 (Elmer and Stephen)

Quiltmaker personal quilting history

LearnedToQuiltF117
Self-Taught
From guild or club member
WhenQuiltF118
Age 40-49
WhyQuiltF119
Other
Pleasure
OtherF119a
Mary Gasperik made quilts because it was her life passion and greatest talent. As opportunities arose, she entered contests and exhibited them publicly. She also made special quilts for her family.

Quiltmakers Membership in quilting group

NameGroupF120
Tuley Park Quilt Club, Detroit News Quilt Club Corner
LocGroupF121
Southside Chicago and Detroit MI
SpecialGroupF122
Group showings of quilt (Chicago); national quilt show and contest (Detroit)

Other quilts made by quiltmaker

NumQuiltsF123
more than 50
SellQuiltF127
no
TeachF129
no

Other source materials available for quiltmaker

OtherSourceMat
Merikay Waldvogel and Barbara Brackman. Patchwork Souvenirs of the 1933 Chicago World's Fair (Nashville, TN: Rutledge Hill Press, 1993)102-103. Merikay Waldvogel "One American Dream Comes True" Quilters Newsletter Magazine, March 2008, 46-49.

Image Information

InvenNumF075
057a
ImageConF075a
quilt detail
ImageTypeF076
Color
SourceF077
CD-ROM
DateF079
3
1
1992
CE
photocredit079a1
Don Gonzalez
DigDateF079a
9
12
2007
CE
AccessF080
Restricted
HolderF080a
Susan Salser

File Information

function
Image - medium display (250-550 pixels)
file_medium
image
file_format
jpeg
Contributing Institutions
MATRIX: Center for Humane Arts, Letters and Social Sciences Online at Michigan State University, Michigan State University Museum, Alliance For American Quilts
Publisher
Quilt Index
Resource Type
StillImage

data verification

verify
yes
verifiedby
Salser, Susan
dateverified
1
13
2009
CE

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48-7C-97-224-quiltiGasperik-a0a0e9-b_13049.jpg
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quiltiGasperik-a0a0e9-b
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