Colonial Quilting Bee - Hungarian flag quiltmaker


Quilt Index Record: 48-7C-B6

Administrative Fields

InstNameF003
Gasperik Collection
InstProjNameF003a
Mary Gasperik Private Collection
InstInvContrNumF004
034f

Information source fields

IdentPersonF006
Blood relative of quiltmaker
Author/researcher
SourceOtherF006a
Sister of quilt owner.
IfOtherF007d
Grand-daughter Susan Salser began this research effort in 1991, after she and her two sisters divided up the quilts which belonged to their mother (Elsie Gasperik Krueger) who died in 1988. Her ongoing research has been fruitful and interesting.

Overall Quilt Description

TypeObjF008
Finished quilt
QuiltTitleF009
Colonial Quilting Bee - Hungarian flag quiltmaker
OwnerNameF010
Colonial Quilting Bee, The Betsy Ross Quilt
OverallWidthF12a
79 inches
OverallLengthF012b
92 inches
ShapeEdgeF013
Scalloped
ShapeCornersF013b
Other
OtherShapeCornerF013c
rounded points
PredomColorsF014
Cream
Yellow
OverallColorF14b
Light or pastel colors
OverCondF015
Excellent/like new
DateQuiltF023
1930-1949
DateBegunF023a
Not known; pattern possibly collected as early as 1936.
DateFinishF023b
Not known; possibly finished after the May 1940 (6th) Detroit News Quilt Show.
FamDateF023c
1936-1940
OtherExDateF023d
1935-40
OtherDateF023e
Merikay Waldvogel
DateInfoF023f
Salser believes the quilt was made for the 7th Detroit News Quilt Show, a show which was never held.

Quilt top description

LayFormatF024
Pictorial
SubjQuiltF025
Quilting Bee
BordDescF034
One wide yellow-gold outer border. Just inside this, an inner solid white quilted border frames the central field.

Quilt top materials and construction

FiberTypesF035
Cotton
EmbellTechF038f
Yes
ConstrucF038g
Embroidery
PaperF038i
no

Quilt back materials and construction

FabFiberTypesF040
Cotton
DescBackF043
Solid/plain

Quilt binding

MatUsedF044
Cotton
FabStrucF045
Plain weave
ConstrucBindF046
Bias grain
WidthBindF047
less than a half inch

Quilt batting

MatUsedF048
Cotton
BattLoftF048a
Thin (Less than 3/16")

Quilting description

QuiltTechF049
Hand quilting
ThrTypeF049a
cotton
ThrColorF049b
off-white
KnotsF051b
no
DesignF052b
Other
Feathering
DesignF052c
Other
Grid/crosshatch
Parallel lines

Quiltmaker identification

QuiltTopF054
Gasperik, Mary
QuiltedByF055
Gasperik, Mary

Quilt provenance

LocMadeF057a
Chicago
ProvCountyF057b
Cook County
ProvStateF057d
Illinois (IL)
ProvCountryF057f
United States
AcquiredF058
Inheritance
ProvenanceF058a
When Elsie Krueger died in 1988 and her three daughters divided their mother's share of Gasperik quilts, Linda had first pick. This was her choice.

Quilt purposes uses

ReasonsF060
Commemorative
QDesignF060b
Artwork/wall hanging
PresUseF062
Keepsake/memento
Exhibit
Artwork/wall hanging
OthPresUseF062a
Mary's grandchildren regard her quilts as a unique collection to be preserved and appreciated.

Quilt design and materials sources

SourceMatF063
Purchased new
TopSourceF064
Other
OthTopSourceF064a
Quilters viewed from side are patterns copied from Detroit News quilt show club ticket. Miniature star in miniature quilt is traditional pattern 'Harvest Sun' executed in the traditional colors.
CommSourceF064b
Quilter with slanted feather-pointed hat is The Detroit News "Lady Making Patch Quilt Silhouette" 115-12-14-28.
PattSourceF065
Other
OthPattSourceF065a
H. Ver Mehren, Needleart Guild, Rose Kretsinger
CommSourceF065b
Ver Mehren Q517B/Needleart Guild #88 & #93; quilted grape clusters are taken from Plate V, p 276 Hall/Kretsinger The Romance of the Patchwork Quilt in America (Quilting Designs from Rose Kretsinger)
AddNotesF066
An unusually large array of different print fabrics are found on this quilt, making it an ideal choice to compare with fabrics found in other Gasperik quilts, particularly the Tree of Life quilts (#031, #044 and #065) and Hungarian Girls (#014).

Exhibition history of quilt

ExhibitListF067a
"The Quilts of Mary Gasperik", Ann Anastasio, Curator, Ravenswood Historic Site /Livermore (CA) Area Recreation & Park District, March 14-15, 1992. "Cornucopia of Quilts: A Juried/ Judged Quilt Exhibition and Month-Long Series of Lectures & Workshops", University City, Missouri, October 1993. Exhibited in the American Quilt Legacy showcase at The American History Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 2005-2006.

Contests entered

ContestListF071a
Surprisingly, there is no evidence this quilt was entered in either the Detroit News Quilt Shows or the Illinois State Fair. In October 1993, it won first prize in the "Antique" category in "Cornucopia of Quilts" in University City, MO. Salser believes Mary Gasperik included this quilt with quilts she submitted to contests sponsored by downtown Chicago department stores (Marshall Fields in 1942 and Mandel Brothers in 1956).

Quilt ownership and contact info

OwnershipF082
Private
OwnerNameF082a
Linda Krueger MacLachlan
OwnerCountryF086b
United States

Other source materials available for this quilt

RelItemsF088a
Detroit News Quilt Club logos - Silhouettes of sideviews of young woman quilting. Clipping Detroit News (January 16, 1936) features story and photos of Mrs. Miller and her quilt, on which Gasperik based hers. Four letters sent by Edith B. Crumb to Mary Gasperik: 1) December 23,1937 (a holiday greetings letter) 2) November 16, 1938 (about recent Detroit quilt show) 3) December 26, 1939 (a holiday greetings letter) 4) May 3, 1940 (about Mary's intention to attend the upcoming Detroit show and mentioning the Gasperik 'Hungarian Girls' quilt). Photo (circa 1969-1972) Elsie Gasperik Krueger with daughters Karen, Linda and Susan in Chicago with Colonial Quilting Bee prior to Elsie's dividing up quilts with her brother Elmer. Videotape (March 1992) by Jeffrey Finn and catalog of "Quilts of Mary Gasperik" at Ravenswood Historic Site/Livermore (CA), March 14-15, 1992. Photo (August 2005) Mary Gasperik's grand-daughters standing in front of American Quilt Legacy showcase displaying 'Colonial Quilting Bee' at the Museum of American History/Smithsonian Institution Washington, DC. Also photographs of quilt information cards. As of November 7, 2008 Salser has located the following Detroit News articles (listed in chronological order) which mention Mary Gasperik: 1) October 22, 1935, page 23, “Things Seen and Heard at the News’ Quilt Show”, by Edith B. Crumb. This is the first mention of the baseball story, it recounts how Gasperik sent quilts immediately and arrived unexpectedly, and it also records the name and address “Mary Gasperik, 9314 Cottage Grove, Chicago IL.” as a Club member, for the first time it is believed, under an inset column called “These Members Belong to Quilt Club Corner” 2) November 7, 1936, page 12 “Many Cornerites Attended Our Sewing Circle Friday” by Edith B. Crumb. “Mrs. Arthur Miller had a letter from Mrs. Mary Gasperick [sic], one of our Chicago members, and Mrs. Gasperick is planning on sending four quilts to the next show. When she finds out that it won’t be held until April, perhaps she will be able to send six or seven. We hope so, don’t we?” January 16, 1936 page 27 article “But One Redhead Appears in This Prim Sewing Bee” by Edith B. Crumb, pictures and describes the quilt made by Mrs. Arthur Miller which probably inspired this Gasperik quilt #034, but Gasperik, of course, is not mentioned. 3) February 11, 1936, page 24 “There Are 1467 Pieces in This Charming Top” by Edith B. Crumb. The first half of this column, and the pictured “Chicago Quilt Arrived Late” are devoted entirely to the subject of Mary Gasperik. The column retells the baseball story, reminds readers that Gasperik attended the last show, and mentions 3 Gasperik quilts (a black and white Double Feather Star, a red and white Double Feather Star under construction, and a Bridal Bouquet to be quilted after that). 4) September 20, 1938, page 12 “Bureau Open for Quilts on Wednesday” reads, in part: “Yesterday a letter was received from Mrs. Mary Gasperik, 9314 Cottage Grove avenue, Chicago, saying she is sending over five finished quilts and two tops and, of course, she is coming to the show too. Last year she spent three days with us and brought two of her friends with her.” 5) October 9, 1938, page 9 “Quilt Show Sets Record of 18,000 Visitors in Hall” by Garnet Warfel features Gasperik as follows: “All day crowds surrounded Mrs. Mary Gasperik of Chicago, winner of one of the big prizes for the best appliquéd quilt. Mrs. Gasperik was radiant as she and her friend, Mrs. W. J. Reynolds, who accompanied her here from Chicago, told of getting “connected” with the local show. A base ball fan, Mrs. Gasperik went to the opening Chicago game of the 1935 World Series. There by her seat she found a Detroit News and read about Miss Crumb’s Quilt Club. The next year Mrs. Gasperik came to the quilt show. She came back in 1937 with four quilts to exhibit. She received four honorable mentions. This year she took a big prize. Mrs. Gasperik is Hungarian, but has lived in America 32 years.” 6) October 22, 1938, page 11 "Club Members Settle Down to Long Winter of Quilting" Pictures Gasperik Hungarian Girl quilt block and describes its construction in some detail (see quilt #14 for full text of description of that block). The article includes the statement: "Mrs. Arthur Miller said she had lots of letters about her quilt with the little patchwork ladies gathered around the little quilt." This indicates that Gasperik probably saw the Miller quilt in October 1938 (as well as at the May 1940 Detroit Quilt Show), raising the possibility that she began to make her version of the Miller quilt earlier than 1940. Gasperik may have been working on Colonial Quilting Bee and Hungarian Girls simultaneously rather than sequentially. These were two projects which required extremely intense and detailed work. Perhaps the job was made easier by periodically switching back and forth from one project to the other. 7) May 24, 1940, page 4 continuation of page 1 “Quilt Show Doors Open, no byline. “COMES FROM CHICAGO Another quilt comes from a Hungarian woman living in Chicago, Mrs. Mary Gasparik [sic]. It depicts her own life in this country from the time of her arrival in 1927 [sic – the year should be 1905). Mrs. Gasparik will be among a bus load of women coming to the show from Chicago. One of the lovely quilts shown is the patchwork lady design made by Mrs. Marjorie Miller. A real tiny quilt forms the center, being a quilt within a quilt and the patchwork ladies are seated about the center quilt, sewing away for dear life – each lady a little different in dress, coiffure, etc.” 7) May 25, 1940 page 4 “Quilt Beautiful as a Painting Wins Its Skilled Maker $50” by Garnet Warfel: “Mrs. Mary Gasparik [sic] of 9314 Cottage Grove avenue, Chicago, a prize winner of last year, won second prize, and Mrs. Arthur Miller, 12251 St. Mary’s avenue, won third prize with her lovely patchwork ladies’ quilt.” 8) May 28, 1940 page # not recorded, “Complete List Given of Quilt Show Winners” no byline: “Runners up in the finished appliqué group were Mrs. Mary Gasperik, 9314 Cottage Grove avenue, Chicago, Ill., and Mrs. Arthur Miller, 12251 St. Mary’s avenue.” Further on in this same article: “Children’s quilts selected by the judges were made by Mrs. H. Brinkman, 446 W. Golden Gate avenue… Mrs. Mary Gasperik, 9413 [sic] Cottage Grove avenue, Chicago, Ill…” The 1940 show was the last Detroit News quilt show. Salser has not found any mention of Mary Gasperik (or additional quilt shows) in subsequent newspaper microfilm.

Quiltmaker personal information

MaidenF097b
Mihalovits, Maria
GenderF098
Female
BirthDateF099
01/25/1888
MarriageF099b
11/18/1906
DeathF100
05/25/1969
EthnicF101
Hungarian
EdBkgdF102
Elementary School
BirthplaceCountryF098d
Hungary
EnviroF104c
Rural

Quiltmaker address

StAddressF105
9314 Cottage Grove
CountyF106
Cook
CityF106a
Chicago
StateF107
Illinois (IL)
CountryF108
United States

Quiltmaker Family history

FatherNameF109
Mihalovits, Istvan
BplaceF109a
Hungary
EthBkgrndF110
Hungarian
MotherNameF111
Mihalovits, Vidoszava
BplaceF111a
Hungary
EthBkgrndF112
Hungarian
SpouseF113
Gasperik, Stephen
EthBkgrndF114
Hungarian
OccupationF115
Milk Dealer/Grocery Store Owner/Butcher
NoChildF116
3
NoFemF116a
1 (Elsie 1909-1988)
NoMaleF116b
2 (Elmer and Stephen)

Quiltmaker personal quilting history

LearnedToQuiltF117
Self-Taught
From guild or club member
WhenQuiltF118
Age 40-49
WhyQuiltF119
Other
Pleasure
OtherF119a
To exhibit in shows held by her Tuley Park quilt club in Chicago, the Detroit News quilt show in Detroit, many Illinois State Fairs, at least one Indiana State Fair. She entered quilts in at least 2 Chicago department store contests. She made at least one quilt and one quilt top specifically for the 1939 New York Worlds Fair quilt contest. She also made children's quilts specifically for grandchildren and great-grandchildren; and wedding and wedding anniversary quilts for her son Elmer and grand-daughter Karen. Primarily, she wanted to make quilts because it was her life passion and her greatest talent. The occasions and venues to show them presented themselves. It should be noted that prior to Mary's emigration to America in late 1904, at age 16, she was an apprenticed needleworker in her native Hungary. The intricate and colorful floral embroideries traditional to Hungary lend themselves especially well to applique, the quilt style Mary preferred.

Quiltmakers Membership in quilting group

NameGroupF120
Detroit News Quilt Club
LocGroupF121
Detroit, Michigan, but quilters who read the column were from various states.
SpecialGroupF122
Readers shared patterns and ideas through the newspaper column and met at the annual quilt show.

Other quilts made by quiltmaker

NumQuiltsF123
more than 50
SellQuiltF127
no
TeachF129
no

Other source materials available for quiltmaker

OtherSourceMat
Merikay Waldvogel and Barbara Brackman. Patchwork Souvenirs of the 1933 Chicago World's Fair (Nashville, TN: Rutledge Hill Press, 1993)102-103. Merikay Waldvogel "One American Dream Comes True" Quilters Newsletter Magazine, March 2008, 46-49.

Image Information

InvenNumF075
034f
ImageConF075a
quilt detail
ImageTypeF076
Color
SourceF077
CD-ROM
DateF079
3
1
1992
CE
photocredit079a1
Don Gonzalez
DigDateF079a
1
2008
CE
AccessF080
Restricted
HolderF080a
Susan Salser

File Information

function
Image - medium display (250-550 pixels)
file_medium
image
file_format
jpeg
Contributing Institutions
MATRIX: Center for Humane Arts, Letters and Social Sciences Online at Michigan State University, Michigan State University Museum, Alliance For American Quilts
Publisher
Quilt Index
Resource Type
StillImage

data verification

verify
yes
verifiedby
Salser, Susan
dateverified
2
20
2009
CE

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