Crossed Canoes


Quilt Index Record: 4F-88-148

Administrative Fields

InstProjNameF003a
Texas Sesquicentennial Quilt Association, Texas Quilt Search
InstNameF003
Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin
InstInvContrNumF004
tqs_0091

Information source fields

IdentPersonF006
Daughter of quiltmaker
Quilt owner
Other
SourceOtherF006a
This quilt was reviewed and documented during the Texas Sesquicentennial Quilt Association's Texas Quilt Search, 1983-1986, and/or during the Association's Phase II of the Texas Quilt Search, 1986-1989. Karey Bresenhan served as quilt historian
DateDataF006b
1986-1989
RelnQuiltF007
Quiltmaker
Quilt owner
IfQmakerF007a
Quilted or tied the top
IfQownerF007b
Inherited
IfOtherF007d
The present owner of this quilt is the daughter of the quiltmaker; she also quilted this Crossed Canoes quilt

Overall Quilt Description

TypeObjF008
Finished quilt
OwnerNameF010
Crossed Canoes
AltNameF011
Indian Canoes
OverallWidthF12a
82 in.
OverallLengthF012b
97 in.
ShapeEdgeF013
Straight
ShapeCornersF013b
Straight
PredomColorsF014
Blue or Navy
Brown
Gray
Green
Orange
Pink
Purple
Red
Yellow
OverallColorF14b
Multicolor
OverCondF015
Excellent/like new
DateQuiltF023
1950-1975
DateBegunF023a
pieced in 1957
DateFinishF023b
1989
FamDateF023c
1957
OtherExDateF023d
1957
OtherDateF023e
Karey Bresenhan

Quilt top description

LayFormatF024
Block pattern
SubjQuiltF025
canoes
NumBlockF026
30
ArrangeBlockF028
Straight
SpacingF029
Separated by cornerstones or connecting blocks sashing (different fabric in intersection)
Separated by inner only sashing (no sashing along outer edge of outer blocks)
NumBlockPatF030
1
BlockStyleF030a
Squares
NumBordersF033
2
BordDescF034
inner light gray border with darker gray patches in each corner; outer wider border of darker gray, with lighter gray patches in each corner

Quilt top materials and construction

FiberTypesF035
Cotton
FabPrintF037
Geometric
Multiple scrap
Novelty
Paisley
Plaid
Print
Solid/plain
ConstrucF038
Machine Piecing
EmbellTechF038f
No
PaperF038i
no

Quilt back materials and construction

FabFiberTypesF040
Cotton
NumPiecesF042
pieced backing
DescBackF043
Machine sewn
Same fabric used throughout
Solid/plain

Quilt binding

MatUsedF044
Cotton
ConstrucBindF046
Straight grain
WidthBindF047
less than a half inch

Quilt batting

MatUsedF048
Polyester
BattLoftF048a
Medium (3/16?)

Quilting description

QuiltTechF049
Hand quilting
ThrTypeF049a
cotton
NumStitchedF050
9
NumStitchF051
9
KnotsF051b
no
DesignF052a
In-the-ditch
Outline
DesignF052b
Cables
DesignF052d
outline quilting on both sides of pieces; in-the-ditch quilting in pieced seams; cable quilting in borders

Quilt notes and observations

FeaturesF053
This quilt was pieced using scraps or "cutaways" from a dress factory in Grand Prairie, Texas, and Karey Bresenhan thus describes it as a "sampler" for 1950s fabrics. The quilt is also a classic generation quilt: pieced by one generation and finished by another, in this case a mother and her daughter.

Quiltmaker identification

QuiltTopF054
Holland, Retta Booher
QuiltedByF055
McCrady, Kathleen Holland

Quilt provenance

LocMadeF057a
Grand Prairie
ProvCountyF057b
Dallas
ProvStateF057d
Texas (TX)
ProvCountryF057f
United States
AcquiredF058
Inheritance
ProvenanceF058a
Kathleen McCrady, a nationally known and award-winning quiltmaker in Austin, Texas, received this quilt top from her mother. Although Mrs. Holland had stopped quilting in about 1946, her daughter Kathleen McCrady was getting scraps in 1957, so Mrs. Holland decided to piece this Crossed Canoes quilt top. The quiltmaker's daughter purchased a fifty-center pattern for this quilt that was copyrighted by McCall's in 1953. the quiltmaker may have borrowed her daughter's pattern to make this quilt.
QuiltHistF059
Mrs. Holland and her husband operated a small cafe in Grand Prairie. Located nearby was a dress factory that sold a grocery sack of scraps or cut-aways for $1. According to daughter Kathleen McCrady, "It was such fun to get a sack of scraps, for they were prints and solids coordinated. This quilt top is made from scraps that came from the factory. No other prints were used except the addition of the borders."

Quilt purposes uses

ReasonsF060
Art or personal expression
QDesignF060b
Bedding, daily use
PresUseF062
Bedding, special occasion
Keepsake/memento

Quilt design and materials sources

SourceMatF063
Sewing scraps
OthSourceF063a
Pieced fabrics were all purchased as scraps from a local dress factory; border and backing fabrics were purchased new.
TopSourceF064
Commercial/Published source: Magazine
Commercial/Published source: Pattern
CommSourceF064b
McCall's Magazine, 1953
AddNotesF066
Kathleen McCrady, daughter of the quiltmaker, purchased the Crossed Canoes pattern, copyrighted by McCall's in 1953, at Gem Fabrics store in Austin. She is not sure whether or not her mother used her pattern or purchased the same pattern for her own use. Mrs. McCrady does not recall her mother using her pattern.

Exhibition history of quilt

ExhibitListF067a
“Lone Stars: A Legacy of Texas Quilts, 1936-1986,” 16th Annual International Quilt Festival, November, 1990, Houston, Texas.

Quilt ownership and contact info

OwnershipF082
Private
OwnerNameF082a
Kathleen Holland McCrady
OwnerStateF086
Texas (TX)
OwnerCountryF086b
United States
SourceInfoF088b
Texas Sesquicentennial Quilt Association's Texas Quilt Search Archives
DateObtainedF088c
1989

Other source materials available for this quilt

RelItemsF088a
Bresenhan, Karoline Patterson and Nancy O'Bryant Puentes, Lone Stars: A Legacy of Texas Quilts, Vol. II, 1936-1986 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990), p. 82-83. Additional information about Retta Booher Holland and her daughter Kathleen McCrady can be found in Kathleen H. McCrady, My Journey with Quilts: Over 70 Years of Quiltmaking 1932-2003 (Austin: 2005).

Quiltmaker personal information

MaidenF097b
Booher, Retta
GenderF098
Female
BirthDateF099
1896
MarriageF099b
12/22/1912
DeathF100
1971
EdBkgdF102
grade school
OccupationF104
farming, owned a washiteria and a cafeteria; ran a cafe; homemaker
BirthplaceCityF098a
Grayson County
BirthplaceStateF098b
Texas
BirthplaceCountryF098d
United States
EnviroF104c
Rural

Quiltmaker Family history

FatherNameF109
Booher, [unknown]
MotherNameF111
Wyatt, Helen Warner Booher Wyatt
OccupationF115
farmer, cafeteria and washiteria owner, cafe owner
NoChildF116
5

Quiltmaker personal quilting history

LearnedToQuiltF117
From Relative
Self-Taught
WhyQuiltF119
Gifts
Necessity
Pleasure

Other quilts made by quiltmaker

NumQuiltsF123
more than 50
SellQuiltF127
no
TeachF129
no
AddNotesF132
Kathleen McCrady says about her mother, "She worked hard all her life, and perhaps enjoyed most the part of her life after they [she and her husband] retired from the cafe business. She sewed for others and worked in her church keeping the babies in the nursery. She was always busy, seemed happy with her lot in life, and made the best of her situation. She had 17 grandchildren."

Other source materials available for quiltmaker

OtherSourceMat
Texas Sesquicentennial Quilt Association’s Texas Quilt Search Archives; Kathleen H. McCrady, My Journey with Quilts: Over 70 Years of Quiltmaking 1932-2003 (Austin: 2005).

Image Information

InvenNumF075
tqs_0091.jpg
ImageConF075a
whole quilt
ImageTypeF076
Color
SourceF077
positive/transparency
DateF079
1988
CE
photocredit079a1
Sharon Risedorph
AccessF080
Restricted
HolderF080a
Assistant Director Winedale
CreditLineF080b
Winedale
CopyRestF080c
Winedale P.O. Box 11 Round Top, TX 78954 (979) 278-3530

File Information

function
Image - medium display (250-550 pixels)
file_medium
image
file_format
jpeg
file_size
100 KB
Contributing Institutions
MATRIX: Center for Humane Arts, Letters and Social Sciences Online at Michigan State University, Michigan State University Museum, Alliance For American Quilts
Publisher
Quilt Index
Resource Type
StillImage

data verification

verify
yes
verifiedby
Adams, Katherine J.
dateverified
8
25
2007
CE

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