Chintz Applique Quilt


Quilt Index Record: 58-99-111

Administrative Fields

DateDataF006b
March 31, 2010
locationF007f
Private non-profit
OwnerCountyF085
Wayne
OwnerNameF082a
The Henry Ford
OwnershipF082
Private
InstProjNameF003a
Michigan Quilt Project
InstNameF003
Michigan State University Museum
Western Pennsylvania Quilt Documentation Project
InstInvContrNumF004
WP.BVR.0187
InstInvContrNumF004a
2013.29.1
InvenNumF075
WP.BVR.0187; MQP 13.0072
ImageConF075a
Quilt
ImageTypeF076
Color
SourceF077
Digital
DateF079
4
7
2010
CE
AccessF080
Restricted
HolderF080a
The Henry Ford
CreditLineF080b
Collection of The Henry Ford
CopyRestF080c
The Henry Ford
DistribRestF080d
The Henry Ford
DisplayResF080e
The Henry Ford
LicenseF080f
The Henry Ford
function
Image - large display (550 or more pixels)
file_medium
image
file_format
jpeg
file_size
2.03 MB
Contributing Institutions
MATRIX: Center for Humane Arts, Letters and Social Sciences Online at Michigan State University, Michigan State University Museum, Alliance For American Quilts
Publisher
Quilt Index
Resource Type
StillImage

Overall Quilt Description

TypeObjF008
Finished quilt
QuiltTitleF009
Chintz Applique Quilt
AltNameF011
Basket
OverallWidthF12a
111 3/4in
OverallLengthF012b
103 1/4in
ShapeEdgeF013
Straight
ShapeCornersF013b
Straight
PredomColorsF014
Blue or Navy
Brown
Cream
Gold
Green
Pink
Red
OverallColorF14b
Multicolor
OverCondF015
Good/moderate use
DamageF016
Fold marks or creases
Stains

Overall Quilt Description part 2

TypeInscripF019
Message
Signature
ContInscripF020
Work of my mother, Ruth McConnell & her cousins, Hannah & Mary Parry in the year 1793 and previous to my birth (September of that year) during yellow fever. Julia M. Miles May 14, 1849
MethodInscripF021
Ink
OtherMethodInscripF021a
Also red letters near inscription.
LocInscripF022
on back
DateQuiltF023
Pre-1799
DateFinishF023b
1793
FamDateF023c
1793
SubjQuiltF025
Broderie Perse quilt with large central basket emanating with floral vines surrounded by small bouquets and cornucopia. Yellow Fever Epidemic 1793
NumBlockF026
4 basket designs
OtherSpaceF029a
Top pieces 36", 24 3/4" 36". 2 cornocopia in corners. 1 large center basket. 2 baskets on side. 1 basket (urn) on center bottom.
NumBordersF033
2
BordDescF034
1 3/4" - 5 1/2" sides 3 1/2" top, 4" bottom - same fabric as inner border. Note: inner border was corner miter. Looks like outer border was added - it is not quilted. 2nd border has more glazing. Possible 2nd border added in 1849.

Quilt top and back, materials and contruction

FiberTypesF035
Cotton
FabricTypeF036
Chintz
Glazed
FabPrintF037
Premium type
Solid/plain
ConstrucF038
Hand Piecing
ConstrucF038b
Hand Applique
UniqueF038h
Some joints pieced, some applied on top.
FabFiberTypesF040
Cotton
OtherFabF040a
Same fabric as front - 2 glazed panels on sides different.2 loops on back for hanging
WidthPiecesF042a
5 3/8", 36", 11", 8", 38 1/4", 7 3/4" 5 1/4"
DescBackF043
Hand sewn
Same fabric used throughout

Quilt binding, batting, quilting and notes

MatUsedF044
Cotton
FabStrucF045
Twill weave
UniqueBindF045a
Folded in half & applied with 2 running stitch.
ConstrucBindF046
Hand sewn
Separate binding applied
Straight grain
Woven tape
WidthBindF047
less than a half inch
MatUsedF048
Cotton
BattLoftF048a
Thin (Less than 3/16?)
QuiltTechF049
Hand quilting
ThrTypeF049a
Cotton
ThrColorF049b
White - brown in inner border
NumStitchedF050
6
WidthF051a
1/4" - 3/8"
DesignF052a
Echo
Grid diamond
Single parallel lines
DesignF052d
Single parallel lines on a diagonal following applique. Zig-zag on inner border.

Information sources, quiltmaker's name, provenance, purpose

IdentPersonF006
Quilt owner
Quilt collector
RelnQuiltF007
Quilt collector
Quilt owner
IfQownerF007b
Purchased the quilt
QuiltTopF054
MConnell, Ruth
QuiltedByF055
McConnell, Ruth
LocMadeF057a
Philadelphia
ProvStateF057d
Pennsylvania (PA)
ProvCountryF057f
United States
AcquiredF058
Purchase
ProvenanceF058a
It was purchased by The Henry Ford at an auction of the McCarl collection in 2013. Muriel and Foster McCarl started collecting quilts in the 1950's. The purchased quilts from the Lancaster, PA area as well as in Delaware and Medina, OH. They purchased the quilts from Auction Houses such as Garth's (Delaware,OH); Pennypackers(Lancaster, PA); and Horst Auctions (Ephrata,PA). They also purchased quilts from many dealers such as George and Mildred Samaha, Sr; George Samaha, Jr.(Medina, OH); Hattie Brunner (Lancaster, PA); Fran and Elise Beaven (New Jersey);Dave and Maze Pottinger (Michigan). The McCarl's loved antiques that were signed and dated. They felt that the signatures enhanced the value of the item.

Quilt design and material sources, exhibitions, contests, owner information

OwnerCityF084
Dearborn
OwnerStateF086
Michigan (MI)
OwnerCountryF086b
United States
OwnerZipF087
48124
DateObtainedF088c
9/6/2013

Quiltmaker personal information

MaidenF097b
Hall
GenderF098
Female
BirthDateF099
1758
FoundDateF099a
1832
MarriageF099b
11/2/1780
RelAffF103
Presbyterian
BirthplaceCityF098a
Philadelphia
BirthplaceStateF098b
Pennsylvania
BirthplaceCountryF098d
United States
StAddressF105
66 Chestnut Street
CityF106a
Philadelphia
StateF107
Pennsylvania (PA)
CountryF108
United States
FatherNameF109
Hall, John
BplaceF109a
Pennsylvania
MotherNameF111
Hall, Sarah Parry
BplaceF111a
Pennsylvania
SpouseF113
McConnell, Matthew
OccupationF115
Merchant; Stockbroker
NoChildF116
4
NoFemF116a
1
NoMaleF116b
3

Quiltmaker personal quilting history

AddNotesF132
In 1793, 35-year-old Ruth Hall McConnell created this exquisite quilt, assisted by her young cousins, Hannah and Mary Parry, who lived just around the corner from Ruth’s home at 66 Chestnut Street in a prosperous section of Philadelphia—a few short blocks from Independence Hall. The quilt’s flowers, birds, and decorative borders were cut from colorfully printed chintz fabric and sewn onto the background fabric. This highly-prized, imported cotton chintz was readily available in the fashionable port city of Philadelphia—especially to someone like Ruth, whose husband Matthew McConnell was a wealthy merchant and stockbroker. About the time that Ruth finished this quilt, a virulent Yellow Fever epidemic broke out in Philadelphia, spreading like wildfire. Between August and November 1793, 5,000 Philadelphians died—about a tenth of the population. Another 17,000 fled (including Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, and members of Congress). Any family with the means left the city. Matthew and Ruth McConnell and their sons 12-year-old Robert and 7-year-old Matthew, were among those who fled the epidemic. Ruth was pregnant. Her daughter Julia was born at Beverage’s Farm in the countryside outside of Philadelphia on September 10. Many years later, Ruth’s daughter, 55-year-old Julia McConnell Miles, wrote an inscription on the back of the quilt. Julia’s words read: “The work of my Mother Ruth McConnell & her cousins Hannah and Mary Parry in the year 1793 previous to my birth (September of that year) during yellow fever - Julia M. Miles May 14th 1849.” Julia clearly wanted to make sure that her mother’s name and the quilt’s story—including its ties to American history and her own birth—would not be lost to memory.

File Upload

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Detail 1
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Detail 1 Caption
Inspription message
Detail 2
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Detail 2 Caption
center
Detail 3
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Detail 3 Caption
corner
Detail 4
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Detail 4 Caption
side

data verification

verify
yes
verifiedby
Brenda Applegate
dateverified
3
30
2012
CE

Detail Images


ruth.inscription.jpg
Inspription message
ruth.center.jpg
center
ruth.corner.jpg
corner
ruth.side.jpg
side

Additional Records

No additional records