Bleeding Hearts


Quilt Index Record: 5B-9D-21

Essay Historical Background

description
This quilt "Bleeding Hearts" by Frances Klemenz was one of only 30 quilts that reached the final round of judging at the Sears Pavilion at the World's Fair site as a result of it winning 1st place at a local Sears store in Louisville, KY and winning third place in the Chicago regional round.
essay
The newspaper account of the Louisville judging and exhibit is a wonderful piece of quilt history. Not only does the reporter describe the three top prize winning quilts and gives the quiltmakers' names and addresses, but he/she also describes the exhibit itself ("495 quilts arranged on racks forming six aisles with quilts shown on both sides, the equivalent of twelve rows. The two side walls and the back wall of the huge Crystal Ballroom at a downtown hotel) and lists all 495 entrants. Museum Atmosphere: "There was about this exhibit all the atmosphere of a trip to a celebrated art museum. Each visitor was supplied with a numbered index or program and [all] the winners had been designated by number, the visitors could ascertain identity of each by consulting the index. All in all the exhibit eclipsed those staged in former years here at the Kentucky State Fair. And that is saying something!" Louisville Herald Post May 20, 1933. The 1933 Sears National Quilt Contest was announced in January 1933 with a deadline of May 15, 1933. Over 24,000 quilts were entered at local Sears stores or sent to one of 10 regional mail order houses. Quilts were judged at each site with the top three winners moving onto the next round. Finally just 30 quilts reached the final judging held at the Sears Pavilion on the 1933 Chicago World's Fair site.

Administrative Fields

InstNameF003
Waldvogel Archival Collection
InstProjNameF003a
Sears Quilt Contest 1933 Chicago World's Fair
InstInvContrNumF004
092

Information source fields

IdentPersonF006
Blood relative of quiltmaker
DateDataF006b
Jan 1992
RelnQuiltF007
Quilt owner
IfQownerF007b
Inherited
interviewerF007e
Merikay Waldvogel
locationF007f
Waldvogel Collection

Overall Quilt Description

TypeObjF008
Finished quilt
QuiltTitleF009
Bleeding Hearts
OverallWidthF12a
69 inches
OverallLengthF012b
88 inches
PredomColorsF014
Pink
OverallColorF14b
Light or pastel colors
DateBegunF023a
1933
DateFinishF023b
1933
FamDateF023c
1933
OtherExDateF023d
1933
LayFormatF024
Block pattern

Quilt top materials and construction

FiberTypesF035
Cotton
FabPrintF037
Solid/plain
ConstrucF038b
Hand Applique
ConstrucF038d
Other novelty technique
EmbellTechF038f
No
UniqueF038h
The applique is stuffed (or "padded"). The quilting too has a high loft although it is not stuffed.

Quilt back materials and construction

ColorBackingF040b
Pink

Quilting Description

QuiltTechF049
Hand quilting
DesignF052b
Cables
Other
DesignF052c
Other
DesignF052d
Heart shapes are quilted in the background.

Quiltmaker identification

QuiltTopF054
Klemenz, Frances
QuiltedByF055
Klemenz, Frances

Quilt provenance

LocMadeF057a
Louisville
ProvStateF057d
Kentucky (KY)
ProvCountryF057f
United States
AcquiredF058
Inheritance

Quilt purposes uses

ReasonsF060
Challenge or Contest entry
PresUseF062
Keepsake/memento

Quilt design and materials sources

SourceMatF063
Purchased new
TopSourceF064
Original to maker
PattSourceF065
Original to maker
AddNotesF066
According to the owner (niece of quiltmaker), "Frances Klemenz worked for Regina Inc. (Louisville, KY) at the time of the contest. They were hand quilters. Marguerite Kleinjohn was the President. As I said [Frances] designed the quilt herself and her father made her quilting frames. Her favorite colors were pink and lavender and that is why the quilt is the color it is." -- February 14, 1992 Letter to Merikay Waldvogel from owner.

Exhibitions and Contests

ExhibitListF067a
This quilt was selected for the travelling exhibition of 30 quilts entitled “Patchwork Souvenirs of the 1933 World’s Fair” was curated by Merikay Waldvogel and Barbara Brackman. The Knoxville Museum of Art and Smith-Kramer, Inc. coordinated the travelling exhibition to the following sites: Jan 7-Feb 7, 1994 Palm Beach, FL (The Society of the Four Arts); Mar 20-July 17, 1994 Lexington, MA (Museum of Our National Heritage); Aug 7–Sep 25, 1994 Midland, MI (Midland Center for the Arts); Oct 16–Dec 4, 1994 Logan, KS (Dane G. Hansen Memorial Museum; Dec 18, 1994–Apr 23, 1995 Chicago, IL (Chicago Cultural Center); May 10-Jul 2, 1995 Grosse Pointe Shores, MI (Edsel and Eleanor Ford House); Jul 23-Sep 10, 1995 Los Angeles, CA (Gene Autry Western Heritage Museum); Oct 1-Nov 19, 1995 Janesville, WI (Rock County Historical Society); Dec 10, 1995-Jan 28, 1996 Neenah, WI (Bergstrom-Mahler Museum); Feb 18-Apr 8, 1996 Lexington, KY (University of Kentucky Art Museum); May 3-July 24, 1996 Knoxville, TN (Knoxville Museum of Art).
ContestListF071a
Sears National Quilt Contest, 1933 Chicago World's Fair

Quilt ownership and contact info

OwnershipF082
Private
OwnerCountryF086b
United States

Other source materials available for this quilt

RelItemsF088a
A 1945 photo of Frances Klemenz is on page 98 of Patchwork Souvenirs. See "Unemployed Seamstress' Quilt Wins First Prize in City Handiwork Contest" Louisville Herald Post May 20, 1933. Article has photo of her quilt with the four local judges and an inset photo of Frances Klemenz herself.

Quiltmaker personal information

MaidenF097b
Klemenz
GenderF098
Female
BirthDateF099
12-02-1908
DeathF100
01-14-1987
EnviroF104c
Urban
StAddressF105
724 Cedar Grove Court
CityF106a
Louisville
StateF107
Kentucky (KY)
CountryF108
United States
WhyQuiltF119
Income
OtherSourceMat
Merikay Waldvogel and Barbara Brackman. Patchwork Souvenirs of the 1933 World's Fair (Nashville, TN: Rutledge Hill Press, 1993), pp 98-99.

Other quilts made by quiltmaker

NumQuiltsF123
5-20 quilts
SellQuiltF127
yes
PriceF128
She worked as a professional quilter for Regina, Inc. of Louisville.
AddNotesF132
At the time of the contest, Frances Klemenz, a seamstress had been unemployed for some time. She started work on her prize-winning quilt about February 15 and finished it a week before the deadline. She worked some days from 8:00 am to 11 pm. Her brother remembers going with the whole family to see the quilt on display at the fair. "We were very proud. As a family we shared the limelight." Later in life she was secretary to the Vice-President of Standard Oil in Louisville. She married twice -- to Adloph Muckler in 1952. After he died in 1957, she married Grant Christiansen on Sept 18, 1971.

Image Information

ImageConF075a
Whole quilt
ImageTypeF076
Color
SourceF077
Slide
photocredit079a1
Gary Heatherly
AccessF080
Restricted
HolderF080a
Merikay Waldvogel
CreditLineF080b
Merikay Waldvogel and Barbara Brackman
ReposFile
Dmwc085.jpg
5B-9D-21-461-Dmwc085.jpg
225599
image/jpeg
zoom
Zmwc085.jpg
5B-9D-21-462-Zmwc085.jpg
2099904
image/jpeg
verify
yes

File Information

function
Image - large display (550 or more pixels)
file_medium
image
file_format
jpeg
Contributing Institutions
MATRIX: Center for Humane Arts, Letters and Social Sciences Online at Michigan State University, Michigan State University Museum, Alliance For American Quilts
Publisher
Quilt Index
Resource Type
StillImage

Detail Images

No additional images uploaded

Additional Records

No additional records